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Sticky LMI Players' Rating System
   LMI Tests -> Monthly Sudoku and Puzzle Tests252 posts • Page 3 of 11 • 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
rakesh_rai
Subject: Re: LMI Players' Rating System @ 2011-04-26 6:57 PM (#4260 - in reply to #4240) (#4260) Top



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motris - 2011-04-25 8:56 PM

I meant to ask this question after Twist, but it certainly comes up again after the April Sudoku test too. For the purposes of the Puzzle Ratings and Sudoku Ratings, how do you account for the different scoring systems in play in different tests. Do you use strict score only, or time, or absolute rank, or some combination of these?
At the outset, we would like to thank you for asking this question. Within ourselves, we have been discussing exactly these same things recently. To answer your question, the current system uses strict score only. As long as the score is a function of time, we did not feel the need to include time as a separate factor. This was the case in most tests, where anyone solving the complete (or almost complete) test correctly would get some more points using a factor. But the April sudoku test did not use time as a factor for scoring - it did give 5 points extra but difference between 91 and 101 was considered the same as difference between 116 and 117, for example. We have discussed using rank also but ultimately we had decided against it.

Having a fair way to compare very different tests seems really important to keep this world leader board accurate
We cannot agree more. Thats our objective too - to keep the rating system accurate and acceptable.

As Nikola mentioned after Twist, it might be time to stop experimenting so much with scoring and start to use a consistent system that will apply to all tests, to keep the Ratings system as fair and even as possible.
There can be so many different scoring systems. And, unless we try them in a test, we do not know the efficacy of the scoring system. So, I do not necessarily agree that we should stick to one scoring system (it could become boring, in a way). Lets have the flexibility and freedom of having different systems at play in different tests. I think that the rating system should adapt to the scoring system(s)...and not the other way. Neither can the rating system remain static - it also needs to be reviewed from time to time for continuous improvement.

and I think many of us would like to know more about how the system works.
Currently, we are midway through the process of coming up with suitable improvements to the existing rating mechanism. Once finalized, the "how" part will be shared on the site as well.

At the same time, we would like everyone to share any ideas/suggestions/criticisms - small or big - from the ratings point of view on this forum. And, we will address each one of those while finalizing the system.
debmohanty
Subject: Re: LMI Players' Rating System @ 2011-04-26 9:38 PM (#4265 - in reply to #4260) (#4265) Top



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As Rakesh mentioned, feel free to post ideas / suggestions on ratings, especially on
How to normalize scores in a test?
How to compare scores across tests?
How to deal with 0 scores / no submissions?
How to deal with players joining late or players not playing frequently?
etc...

Should anyone need sample data, please let us know.
motris
Subject: Re: LMI Players' Rating System @ 2011-04-26 9:45 PM (#4268 - in reply to #1357) (#4268) Top




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Thanks for your reply. I'm sure I'm not the only one who will be interested to learn the methodology behind the system as it is a real "world leader board" these days.

My personal recommendation is to not necessarily lock in scoring systems (what puzzles are worth) as these can be varied by authors on different tests to affect strategy, but after the base score of a test is calculated, the only way for the rankings to use score fairly for complete finishers is to either include time in your formula, or always use N points per minute where N is close to "max value of test/time". I like creative scoring ideas, like in Puzzle Jackpot, or special bonuses as in Evergreens or in my 20+10 Decathlon for completing sets of puzzles, but we should realize scoring of puzzles is a different component of the test than correctly using the time of finishers to measure relative performance.

So on April Sudoku, I would certainly have just used ~5 points per minute (600/120). On Twist I would have used the same staggered "value of minutes" for the bonus, instead of going down to a nominal .5 points per minute. So I would have earned 1 minute at 100%, 10 minutes at 75%, 10 minutes at 60%, and 10 minutes at 50%. In each case, simply making the time worth the value of those minutes for other solvers allows the relative performance of all finishers to be correctly staggered for your ratings, for UKPA rankings, and so on. Unlike a one-time WPC where it doesn't matter as much, LMI has really become one of the big forums for monthly competition and so consistency is absolutely required in the ranking system.
motris
Subject: Re: LMI Players' Rating System @ 2011-04-26 9:54 PM (#4269 - in reply to #4265) (#4269) Top




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debmohanty - 2011-04-26 9:38 PM

As Rakesh mentioned, feel free to post ideas / suggestions on ratings, especially on
How to normalize scores in a test?
How to compare scores across tests?
How to deal with 0 scores / no submissions?
How to deal with players joining late or players not playing frequently?
etc...

Should anyone need sample data, please let us know.


There are some interesting questions here.

I've thought about the 0/no submission score a bit. I think one option is to put a choice on the test upfront, something like "I want to play the test for the official ranking" or "I do not want to play the test for the official ranking". Either gives you a password and locks in a start time for your account. If you just want to see the test but not record a score, then you can now do so. But if you have solvers who are instead starting the test, and only putting in answers if they feel they did well, you can now separate those from each other. There will also always be the potential for technical problems, so I'm guessing that the rating probably does something like drop/minimize the value of the lowest recent test which can account for one time technical problems that led to a 0 result or particularly low score.

I've also always been surprised that the tests have a fixed time for last submission, as opposed to a fixed time for last start. I suppose advertising a 48-hour window is the point, but if that's the case I'd simply always run the tests for 50 hours. Changing to the latter format would eliminate the situation (that is always frustrating for the solver) of realizing they started too late and have a low score. While this won't be common among the frequent players, for people taking one of their first tests you do not want to cause a negative experience or they may not want to come back. A check on test start times is a huge improvement in my opinion.

Edited by motris 2011-04-26 10:03 PM
debmohanty
Subject: Re: LMI Players' Rating System @ 2011-04-26 10:34 PM (#4270 - in reply to #4269) (#4270) Top



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0 score/No submission -
I've never thought about that details because I always assumed players don't submit either a) they never intended to submit or b) they had some technical issues.
In context of ratings, it may be possible that some players submit only if they think they did well enough. I've no idea if that is a reality, but we can definitely add an option as you describe.
As of now, we simply ignore 0 scores for ratings computations.

Fixed Start Time Vs Fixed End Time -
This has been pending for a long long time even confusing regular players sometimes. It will be fixed in May Puzzle test (and onwards)
I would like to mention that it does not happen frequently because I always push the end time if I believe some serious player started the test later than when they should have. But I've missed it couple of times ( e.g. here & here). So it is better to be clear upfront.

debmohanty
Subject: Re: LMI Players' Rating System @ 2011-04-27 4:44 AM (#4273 - in reply to #4268) (#4273) Top



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motris - 2011-04-26 9:45 PM

So on April Sudoku, I would certainly have just used ~5 points per minute (600/120). On Twist I would have used the same staggered "value of minutes" for the bonus, instead of going down to a nominal .5 points per minute. So I would have earned 1 minute at 100%, 10 minutes at 75%, 10 minutes at 60%, and 10 minutes at 50%. In each case, simply making the time worth the value of those minutes for other solvers allows the relative performance of all finishers to be correctly staggered for your ratings, for UKPA rankings, and so on. Unlike a one-time WPC where it doesn't matter as much, LMI has really become one of the big forums for monthly competition and so consistency is absolutely required in the ranking system.


I agree on the April Sudoku part.

On Twist, I'm probably missing your point. Since the puzzle points were reduced after 90 minutes, we can't give significant bonus after 90 minutes. Otherwise, it will work as double-penalty for others. Again, I could have misunderstood your point.

[ The idea of .5 per minute is to separate solvers solving at 95 minutes vs 99 minutes. ]
motris
Subject: Re: LMI Players' Rating System @ 2011-04-27 5:32 AM (#4274 - in reply to #4273) (#4274) Top




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debmohanty - 2011-04-27 4:44 AM
On Twist, I'm probably missing your point. Since the puzzle points were reduced after 90 minutes, we can't give significant bonus after 90 minutes. Otherwise, it will work as double-penalty for others. Again, I could have misunderstood your point.
[ The idea of .5 per minute is to separate solvers solving at 95 minutes vs 99 minutes. ]


I'm not asking for significant bonus (meaning "more than the value of puzzles of that time"). I'm asking for the time bonus to scale exactly as the expected point-per-minute value other solvers got did for the "extra" time.

If the standard value (as you chose for time bonus) is ~5 points per minute, then when the rest of the solvers entered 75% value time, and could still effectively earn 3.75 or more points per minute for submitting solutions, the time bonus should also scale to 75% of the value for that time, or 3.75 points per minute. Instead, the time bonus dropped to 10% of its value for the whole extra time and everyone effectively gained in relative score based on extra time despite my large margin of victory by time.

You can view the 90 minute and 120 minute flat results to see that "normal" scoring would have uvo at around 79-80% of my score. The result with only 10% time bonus was uvo at 87% of my score. With a bonus that is instead 3.75 for 10 minutes, 3 for 10 minutes, and 2.5 for 10 minutes, the scores would now be 813.5 versus 641.8 and this would give uvo about 79% of my score. I hope this shows how the balance of results can be preserved with scaling, provided all points scale the same way.
debmohanty
Subject: Re: LMI Players' Rating System @ 2011-04-27 10:03 AM (#4275 - in reply to #4274) (#4275) Top



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Thanks for explaining, and I agree with what you are saying.

The current ratings system doesn't take time-to-finish into account. So, it is only ideal that we compensate top solvers by adding appropriate time-bonus in each test.
debmohanty
Subject: Re: LMI Players' Rating System @ 2011-04-27 10:28 AM (#4276 - in reply to #4275) (#4276) Top



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Back to the Rating System, what are the different options to normalizes scores in each test so that we can compare scores across tests?
We've some basic rule which works quite well, but would love to hear independent ideas.
debmohanty
Subject: RE: LMI Players' Rating System @ 2011-04-27 10:31 AM (#4277 - in reply to #1357) (#4277) Top



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And one more - Rakesh mentioned that we don't consider player's Rank for the ratings.
Is it something we need to consider? In a way, I guess it is all related to normalization.
rakesh_rai
Subject: Re: LMI Players' Rating System @ 2011-04-27 1:33 PM (#4279 - in reply to #4277) (#4279) Top



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Sharing some views and some aspects of the current rating system:

(1) Rank: I personally think we should include test ranks also into our calculation. Even though we are ultimately arriving at ratings and deducing the rank from the ratings. Take this case: In a test, X scores 800 and comes 1st, Y scores 620 for 2nd, Z scores 590 and comes 10th. If we use only the score, Y does not get enough mileage from the test (as compared to Z). But if we do include ranks into our scheme of things, Y will tend to get compensated enough.

(2) 0 scores: To me, this is not a matter of great concern in general. However, the solution suggested by motris seems good to me. There have been a few cases in some tests where X has attempted few puzzles and still got zero. So far, we have treated even such cases as "non-participation" when it is actually a zero score after participation.

(3) Players not playing frequently: We have to ensure that such cases get the "right" rating. This is something which is difficult to do. For example, we do not want someone who played one test to jump into the Top 10. So we have built the current logic such that any player will have to play some tests consistently to be where he/she belongs. Again, this "waiting time" should not be too large. If you have any suggestions around this, please do share.

(4) Scores across different tests: If we do want the "time taken" as a factor, we can build the logic such that the scores in the test can be different from the scores used for calculations (using bonus factor = [total points]/[total time] perhaps). I agree that if we take the scores as-is, (e.g April Sudoku test), the performances are not adequately translated into scores at times. But this is also an issue encountered only once so far - in April sudoku and puzzle tests.

(5) Dependency on top score: This is one area where there are going to be definite changes. So far, we are heavily dependent on the top score for rating calculations. And this leads to certain issues during calculations. For example, an 80% score in an easy test like FLIP should not be treated equally with an 80% score in a Zoo type test.

(6) Others: We are also evaluating certain other factors for any effect on the ratings whatsoever -
No of participants in a test (should performance in a 200-participant test be accorded more weight as compared to performance in a 100-participant test),
Quality/Index of participants in a test (should performance in a test where only 3 out of Top 10 participated be treated equally with a performance in a test where 10 out of top 10 participated),
weights to tests (should recent tests carry more weight),
number of tests (how many tests should be considered for ratings - 6/8/10/12/all, or should it be all tests in last 3/6/9/12 months),
bonus (should I get some bonus if I defeat a Top-3 player , or a Top-10 player)

Please feel free to share your views on any of these factors. And, anything else we have missed out.
debmohanty
Subject: Re: LMI Players' Rating System @ 2011-04-28 8:44 AM (#4281 - in reply to #4279) (#4281) Top



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One more - How do you not penalize authors / testers for 'missing' the test?
purifire
Subject: Re: LMI Players' Rating System @ 2011-04-28 8:55 AM (#4282 - in reply to #4281) (#4282) Top



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debmohanty - 2011-04-28 8:44 AM

One more - How do you not penalize authors / testers for 'missing' the test?


You mean penalize them if they do not take part in tests by other authors????

If so then I think that is a bit harsh as at times someone can have a genuine reason not to participate... aprior commitment or a family event or any other legitimate reason under the sun :)

Rishi
debmohanty
Subject: Re: LMI Players' Rating System @ 2011-04-28 8:57 AM (#4283 - in reply to #4282) (#4283) Top



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I said "Not" penalize.
I just meant that we shouldn't penalize them because they 'missed' their own test. [They don't figure in the score page ]
purifire
Subject: Re: LMI Players' Rating System @ 2011-04-28 9:28 AM (#4285 - in reply to #4283) (#4285) Top



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debmohanty - 2011-04-28 8:57 AM

I said "Not" penalize.
I just meant that we shouldn't penalize them because they 'missed' their own test. [They don't figure in the score page ]


Oh that way then I agree with you :)
Administrator
Subject: New LMI Players Rating System @ 2011-05-11 7:42 PM (#4373 - in reply to #4268) (#4373) Top


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motris - 2011-04-26 9:45 PM

I'm sure I'm not the only one who will be interested to learn the methodology behind the system as it is a real "world leader board" these days.

We had been working over the last couple of months to come up with a new revamped LMI Players Rating System. And, we are happy to share the details (including the rating calculation mechanism) of the new system with everyone.

The details of the rating system have been captured in a pdf. You can either download it or view it. And, feel free to discuss the ratings in this thread.

As for the new rating list, it will be published after MAYnipulation, for both Sudoku and Puzzles.
neerajmehrotra
Subject: RE: New LMI Players Rating System @ 2011-05-11 11:37 PM (#4375 - in reply to #4373) (#4375) Top




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Administrator - 2011-05-11 7:42 PM

motris - 2011-04-26 9:45 PM

I'm sure I'm not the only one who will be interested to learn the methodology behind the system as it is a real "world leader board" these days.

We had been working over the last couple of months to come up with a new revamped LMI Players Rating System. And, we are happy to share the details (including the rating calculation mechanism) of the new system with everyone.

The details of the rating system have been captured in a pdf. You can either download it or view it. And, feel free to discuss the ratings in this thread.

As for the new rating list, it will be published after MAYnipulation, for both Sudoku and Puzzles.


The V2.0 of rating system looks interesting but needs thorough discussion. I request all the active players of LMI to please comment to make this system more robust.
Kudos to Rakesh Rai for designing the algorithm. I think it takes care of all the variables required for a proper rating system.

Edited by neerajmehrotra 2011-05-11 11:39 PM
debmohanty
Subject: RE: LMI Players' Rating System @ 2011-05-12 7:34 AM (#4377 - in reply to #1357) (#4377) Top



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As Neeraj mentioned, this system looks like covering all variables, although at the cost of being little complex.
It would help if we can show 3 different cases in action ( players getting advantage, players being penalized ) with some numbers.
rakesh_rai
Subject: RE: LMI Players' Rating System @ 2011-05-13 6:45 PM (#4390 - in reply to #4377) (#4390) Top



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debmohanty - 2011-05-12 7:34 AM

As Neeraj mentioned, this system looks like covering all variables, although at the cost of being little complex.
It would help if we can show 3 different cases in action ( players getting advantage, players being penalized ) with some numbers.
The image shows the working of ratings using a few fictitious players:

- Players A, B and E have played very few tests and are, therefore, penalized. The level of penalty depends on the overall weight of tests played. As they play more regularly, the level of penalty will reduce and ultimately go away.
- Player D has played average number of tests. The rating takes weighted average of NS from all participated tests. This player does not get any benefit nor is he/she penalized.
- Player C is a regular player. This player gets the benefit of only his best performances being considered for ratings.

debmohanty
Subject: RE: LMI Players' Rating System @ 2011-05-13 7:26 PM (#4391 - in reply to #1357) (#4391) Top



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Am I correct in saying

For a player who starts playing at LMI
1) he needs to play 4 tests before he gets the ranking he deserves? After 3 tests his penalty will be very less though
2) to get benefit of being a regular player, he has to play more than 7 tests consecutively. (after 7 tests K=6.4), and if he misses some tests, it takes longer

Edited by Rohan Rao 2011-05-13 8:14 PM
debmohanty
Subject: RE: LMI Players' Rating System @ 2011-05-13 7:31 PM (#4392 - in reply to #1357) (#4392) Top



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Also we discussed few posts back in this thread that we'll add an option for players who would want to consider the results to be rated.
It will be implemented starting MAYnipulation

This is how it will look like


Do we still remove 0-scores after that?
purifire
Subject: RE: LMI Players' Rating System @ 2011-05-13 7:33 PM (#4393 - in reply to #4392) (#4393) Top



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debmohanty - 2011-05-13 7:31 PM

Also we discussed few posts back in this thread that we'll add an option for players who would want to consider the results to be rated.
It will be implemented starting MAYnipulation

This is how it will look like


Do we still remove 0-scores after that?


If someone checks the box allowing the score to be considered then I would say even zero scores should be considered.

Rishi
MellowMelon
Subject: Re: LMI Players' Rating System @ 2011-05-13 7:52 PM (#4394 - in reply to #4393) (#4394) Top


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There's a slight typo in the image by Rakesh Rai: Player E's base rating should read 1000 instead of 775 (although the final calculation is correct). Wonder who he was based off of? :P

I think considering the 0-scores is okay if you clearly say that near the "Start" button and the check box.


I don't know if I like the current weighting system. For one thing, the simulation. Relative to a 738 rating Player C has had a lot of dismal recent performances in that simulation. I suppose the ratings would eventually reflect that if it continued, but perhaps the "penalty" for those performances should kick in sooner. The fact that they never take effect if he picks his game back up is a feature I'm undecided about.

Another related issue is the following case of my own design: two regular players F and G.
-- F gets four scores around 700, then tanks for a bit and gets four scores around 500, then improves and gets four scores around 900.
-- G is consistently improving. He gets four scores around 500, then four scores around 700, then four scores around 900.
If I understand how the weighted average is calculated correctly (all of this may be moot if not), player F gets the higher rating here, because his 500s that are thrown out have a higher weight so the 900s get emphasized more in the calculation. In my opinion G's performance warrants the better rating.

Both of these issues would be fixed if the weighted average divided by the total weights of the most recent U tests, instead of the weights of the highest scoring tests. But this has its own issue in that it is a very harsh penalty on a recent bad performance. You would not want a test of weight 1 thrown out in this method. Not sure what a fix would be.
rakesh_rai
Subject: RE: LMI Players' Rating System @ 2011-05-13 8:15 PM (#4395 - in reply to #4391) (#4395) Top



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debmohanty - 2011-05-13 7:26 PM

Ami I correct in saying

For a player who starts playing at LMI
1) he needs to play 4 tests before he gets the ranking he deserves? After 3 tests his penalty will be very less though
Yes. For normal players, who do not author/test any tests, this would be true. For authors/testers, there can be cases where playing 3 tests may be enough. And, they are justified to get the benefits of a reduced N.
2) to get benefit of being a regular player, he has to play more than 7 tests consecutively. (after 7 tests K=6.4), and if he misses some tests, it takes longer
Yes. In order for the player's poor performances to be ignored from rating calculations, about 7 tests out of 12 would be needed. The author/tester logic applies here too.
rakesh_rai
Subject: RE: LMI Players' Rating System @ 2011-05-13 8:19 PM (#4396 - in reply to #4393) (#4396) Top



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purifire - 2011-05-13 7:33 PM

debmohanty - 2011-05-13 7:31 PM

Also we discussed few posts back in this thread that we'll add an option for players who would want to consider the results to be rated.
It will be implemented starting MAYnipulation

Do we still remove 0-scores after that?

If someone checks the box allowing the score to be considered then I would say even zero scores should be considered.
I agree that 0 scores should be considered (manipulated) for ratings from now on. But, since this is the first test after the change being implemented, we'd take a call after the test depending on how the players have adapted to the change.

Edited by rakesh_rai 2011-05-13 8:19 PM
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